I am a class 9 student and it was really helpful to me. The French Revolution was a period in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. View Answer They exploited the common people in various ways. Primary Causes Of The French Revolution Essay 1078 Words | 5 Pages. Following were the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the French Revolution: Social - The social conditions in France in late 18 th century were extremely unequal and exploitative. This revolution put up the ideas of liberty, fraternity and equality. She always enjoyed luxurious and extravagant life. Louis XVI then tried to bring about radical reforms but failed miserably. These regions were the focal point of the French Revolution. French support for the war was expensive costing 1.066 million French livres, a huge sum at the time. They aroused the common people about their rights. The lower Clergies and the provincial nobles also joined their hands with the common people along with the bourgeoisie. They did not pay any tax to the monarch. The higher clergy occupied the top position in the society. Many histories of the French Revolution, beginning with those written in the era itself, assumed, almost axiomatically, that the ideas of the philosophes had caused the “coming” of the event. French revolution class 9 -cbse 1. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. Also the king & queen received "bad press". Introduction The French Revolution of 1789 had far-reaching effects on the social and political life of people. I read full article. On the other hand, the lower clergy served the people in true sense of the term and they lived a very miserable life. •What were the political, economic,religious, social, and intellectual causes of the French Revolution? In France, as in most other European nations, the monarch ruled on the basis of the divine right of kings. During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. French Revolution: Spread of Great Fear in France. • The French Monarchy: - 1775 - 1793 • Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette 15. The Second Estate, or the nobles, owned about 25% of the land. the French Revolution, began with the overthrow of the English monarchy by the Parliament of England in 1649.The American Revolution of 1776 soon followed, and finally, France started their own Revolution; the French Revolution of 1789. Throughout the 18th century, France participated in a series of expensive wars primarily against its long-term rival Great Britain. His defective foreign policy weakened the economic condition of France. The French Revolution is one of the most influential events in world history. She sowed seed of the French Revolution. Primary Causes Of The French Revolution Essay 1078 Words | 5 Pages. They had the wealth and social status. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. 10 Most Famous Paintings By Russian Artists, 10 Major Events of the French Revolution and their Dates, 10 Most Important Leaders of the French Revolution, 10 Major Effects of the French Revolution, 10 Interesting Facts About The French Revolution, Role of King Louis XVI During The French Revolution, Role of Marie Antoinette During The French Revolution, Role of Napoleon Bonaparte During The French Revolution, Role of Maximilien Robespierre During The French Revolution, 10 Major Accomplishments of George Washington, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Vincent Van Gogh, 10 Major Accomplishments of John F. Kennedy, 10 Major Achievements of the Ancient Maya Civilization, 10 Major Achievements of The Ancient Aztec Civilization, 10 Most Famous American Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Most Famous Paintings by Pablo Picasso, 10 Most Famous Spanish Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Famous Renaissance Artists And Their Masterpieces, 10 Major Accomplishments of Julius Caesar, 10 Most Famous Paintings Featuring Jesus Christ, 10 Most Famous Short Narrative Poems By Renowned Poets, 10 Most Famous Paintings By Filipino Artists, 10 Most Famous Poems By Poets From The United Kingdom, 10 Most Famous Paintings of the Baroque Period, 15 Degrees Off Your Heart | Short Stories With Twist Endings, Happiness Decoded | Crucify Negativity to stay in a Good Mood. The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. K HOD : Dept of Social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 21/5/19 2. the French Revolution, began with the overthrow of the English monarchy by the Parliament of England in 1649.The American Revolution of 1776 soon followed, and finally, France started their own Revolution; the French Revolution of 1789. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. Political – The Bourbon King of […] •What were the political outcomes of the first phase of the French Revolution? Political Cause 2. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. France became bankrupt due to over expenditure in wars and luxury. The French Revolution put an end to the age old absolute monarchy, feudal laws and social inequality. Louis XV fought the Seven Years War against England which brought nothing for France. France then experienced another series of poor harvests in 1787 and 1788 with extreme winters. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) began in May 1789 when the Ancien Régime was abolished in favour of a constitutional monarchy.Its replacement in September 1792 by the First French Republic led to the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793, and an extended period of political turmoil. Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. The economic condition of France became poor due to the foreign wars of Louis XIV, the seven years War of Louis XV and other expensive wars. He then drew up a plan to avenge the loss by building a larger navy and an anti-British coalition of allies. Class 9 History Map Work Chapter 1 The French Revolution. The French Revolution opened a new chapter in the history of Europe. Question 1. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. The best app for CBSE students now provides History The French Revolution class 9 Notes Social Science latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. Economic Cause. In the 1780s, the population of France was around 24 million and 700 thousand and it was divided into three estates. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. Louis XIV’s concept of unlimited royal power is revealed by his famous remarks, “I am the State”. NCERT Class 9 History The French Revolution. Take this quiz and test your knowledge! Economic Cause. Thus, the common people became rebellious. 1.2.1 Causes of French revolution of 1789 - Political, Social religious, intellectual, economic. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Immediate Causes: On 5 may, 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Start studying Main Causes of the French Revolution. . They paid no attention towards their subjects. PALACE OF VERSAILLES 17. Third estates protested against this proposal but as each estate have one vote, the king rejected this appeal. A) Political causes - The political condition in France was grave due to following political aspects - 1) Despotic rule of Burbo dynasty - From 1553 there was depotic rule of Burbo dynasty in … They were exempted from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from peasants. The situation in France worsened when poor harvests caused the price of flour to increase dramatically, which in turn raised the price of bread. 1. 1. Goa Board Class 9 Solutions for History – The French Revolution (English Medium) Page No. In other words we can say that following were the chief causes of the French Revolution: (a) Social Causes - On the eve of the revolution, the French society was ridden with several inequalities. Before the French Revolution started, the people of French were divided into social groups or “Estates”. The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. The desire of the bourgeoisie to rid themselves of feudal and royal encroachments on their personal liberty, commercial prospects and ownership of property was one of the reasons which led to the French Revolution. Social Cause 3. This revolution put up the ideas of liberty, fraternity and equality. 24: Question 1: Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. T’was a great source. The beginning of chain of events started by middle class affected and shaken lower class and led the execution of king in France followed by revolt against monarchy. The French Revolution - NCERT Guide History Class 9. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. French reality fermented with the intellectual revolution of the Enlightenment to produce a social and above all an intellectual one. The Clergy belonged to the First Estate. Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution Class 9th History Time Line • 1774 - Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France. Political Cause 2. Everyone else in France; including merchants, lawyers, laborers and peasants; belonged to the Third Estate, which comprised around 98% of the French population. Take this quiz and test your knowledge! Social Cause 3. PALACES 16. French Society In the Late 18th Century: Causes of the French Revolution a) Financial Crisis: Louis XVI ascended the throne of France in 1774 upon accession he found the treasury empty. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. These include intellectual reasons like the ideas put forward by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment; cultural reasons like the rise of the bourgeoisie class; political reasons like the ineffective leadership of French monarch Louis XVI; social reasons like the unjust Estates System; financial reasons like French involvement in expensive wars; and economic reasons like the rise in price of bread. The Nobility was regarded as the Second Estate in the French Society. They had to call a meeting of the Estates-General, a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives, to pass proposals for new taxes. She always felt proud as she was the daughter of Austrain Empress. But due to the interference of Queen Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI dismissed Turgot. In order to pass the proposal to raise taxes Louis XVI called an assembly of the Estates General. The First Estate in France, or the clergy, owned 10% of the land though it comprised less than 0.5% of the population. The First Estate was the Roman Catholic clergy, which numbered about 100,000. the French economic crises. They were not legislative bodies but consisted of appellate judges. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. View Answer This website helped me a lot. The Social condition of France during the eighteenth century was very miserable. The Second Estate consisted of the French nobility, which numbered about 400,000. French revolution started in 1789. - The cost of maintaining the lavish… The French Monarchs had unlimited power and they declared themselves as the “Representative of God”. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 History Chapter 1. The next person who was appointed by the King as the Finance Minister of France in 1783 was Callone. The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. The outbreak of the French Revolution; Louis XV failed to overcome the financial problems facing France. During the reign period of Louis XVI, the royal treasury became empty as extravagant expenses of his queen Marie Antoinette. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Louis XVI appointed Turgot as his Finance Minister in 1774. - Long years of war drained the financial resources of France. During that period, the economic condition of France became weak. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the people of the world during the 19th and the 20th centuries. However, this only resulted in a mountain of debt. The French Revolution: The Big Picture The French Revolution was both destructive and creative: • It was an unprecedented effor t to break with the past and to forge a new state and new national community based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. Class 9, The French Revolution . Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. Social Cause 3. I’m writing a 15 page paper about the french revolution and this was a excellent source. Louis XVI was an innocent and simple man. This burdened the Third Estate leading to their questioning this unjust Estates System and planning to overthrow it. The French Revolution put an end to the age old absolute monarchy, feudal laws and social inequality. Thank you. Then Callone proposed to impose taxes on all the classes. These include intellectual reasons like the ideas put forward by the philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment; cultural reasons like the rise of the bourgeoisie class; political reasons like the ineffective leadership of French monarch Louis XVI; social reasons like the unjust Estates System; financial reasons like French involvement in … Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Content Guidelines 2. NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution: Short / Long Answers, Multiple choice questions for NCERT 9th Class (CBSE) Social Science: The French Revolution - The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its … You have entered an incorrect email address! These large expenditures by the French monarchy caused dissatisfaction among the people who began to view its leaders as wasteful while they suffered due to the poor economic state of the nation. class 9 NCERT solutions for History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. Jesus Christ, the central figure of Christianity, has been depicted numerous times in paintings during the course of western art. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 9, which is also the largest student community of Class 9. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. Louis XVI, on 5 May 1789, called an assembly to pass proposals for new taxes. TOS4. By the Letter de Catchet, they arrested any person at any time and imprisoned them. Easy to print and read. • The revolution began on 14th July, 1789 with the storming of the fortress-prison, the Bastille. People started gathering and they started breaking a number of government buildings in search of arms. French Revolution Major Causes. There were various reasons for it. It was very wealthy and paid no taxes. Some of the primary causes of the French Revolution were a strict class structure, heavy debt, and high taxes. This may have reduced the financial crisis in the nation and would have lessened the anger of the poor as the tax system would have become more just. It had many privileges, including the collection of tithes. WHFr/P1: French Revolution: Political Causes, Divine right theory, Louis XVI. The parlements were the spearheads of the nobility’s resistance to royal reforms and they prevented any reform in taxation which would include the nobility. Political Cause 2. The Outbreak of the French Revolution It was a revolution primarily inspired and fueled by ideas – not by class … One school of interpretation maintains that French society under the ancien régime was rent by class war. Causes of French Revolution: Social cause (French … France was a land with a minority ruling class of nobility that had contempt for the common people and their suffering. Political – The Bourbon King of […] Thank you very much. The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century. It marked a turning point in the history of humankind. On 5 May 1789, 300 representatives from each of the first and second estate and 600 from the third estate, a total 1200 representatives, gathered in … But due to this policy, the national debt of France increased from 300,000,000 to 600,000,000 Franks only in three years. Thanks Learnodo Newtonic. Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes! Privacy Policy3. There were various reasons which brought about the Revolution. Pamphlets circulated that charged Queen Marie Antoinette with sexual impropriety. A decade of extreme weather conditions and poor harvests took a toll on the poor peasants of France, who were struggling to survive day to day. Describe the legacy of the French Revolution for the people of the world during the 19th and the 20th centuries. Class 9 - Ch1 - French Revolution - Q & A French Revolution - Q & A. Q1: Important dates related to French Revolution Answer: ... Social Disparity was one of the main causes of the French Revolution as in France one section of the society was denied rights and the other sections of the society were favoured extravagantly. All Rights Reserved. The rise in the cost of bread severely affected the common French citizens who resented the monarch for his not being able to solve the food crisis. Tithes was one-tenth of annual produce or earnings taken as a tax for the support of the Church. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. Undoubtedly, the French Revolution sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances. The Questions and Answers of What was the impact of French Revolution? France was a land with a minority ruling class of nobility that had contempt for the common people and their suffering. On top, the nobility. After Louis XV, Louis XVI (1774-1793) ascended the throne of France. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Undoubtedly, the French Revolution sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Some of the primary causes of the French Revolution were a strict class structure, heavy debt, and high taxes. The immediate cause of the Revolution was the country’s financial crisis. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 9 History Chapter 1. The then French Society was divided into three classes— the Clergy, Nobles and Common People. He adapted the policy of borrowing in order to meet the expenditure of the royal court. Answer: People of Third Estate demanded a society based on freedom and opportunities to all. The condition of the farmers was very miserable. The bourgeoisie resented the position of the First and the Second Estate, which they believed was derived from their efforts. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. • 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Several French ministers, including Anne Robert Jacques Turgot and Jacques Necker, proposed revisions to the French tax system so as to include the nobles as taxpayers. However, the philosophies of Enlightenment thinkers made the public think differently. Thus, the autrocratic monarchy, defective administration, extravagant expenditure formed the political cause of the French Revolution. For example, Locke argued that a leader may only govern a society if he had the consent of those he governed; Rousseau was against all class divisions; and Montesquieu advocated for a system of government based on separation of powers. Causes of French Revolution: Social cause (French society during late … The bourgeoisie were the rich men and women of the Third Estate who started to become influential in the years leading to the revolution. Question 1. The French Revolution is one of the most influential events in world history. The nobles usually felt superior to the commoner… WHFr/P1: French Revolution: Political Causes, Divine right theory, Louis XVI. NCERT Solutions for Class IX History are given for the students so that they can get to know the answers to the questions in case they are not able to find it. This led to them coming together to launch the French Revolution in 1789. Answer: People of Third Estate demanded a society based on freedom and opportunities to all. • 5th May 1789 - Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. He was not able to harmonize the conflicting parties at court to arrive at coherent economic policies. - The cost of maintaining the lavish… French revolution started in 1789. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. Keywords and Timeline of Ch 1 French Revolution Class 9th History Time Line • 1774 - Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of kings ascended the throne of France. History, France, Seventeenth Century, French Revolution, Causes, Causes of the French Revolution. class 9 NCERT solutions for History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. The French Revolution was a period in France when the people overthrew the monarchy and took control of the government. •What were the political outcomes of the first phase of the French Revolution? 24: Question 1: Describe the circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. The court nobles lived in pomp and luxury. Before his death he cried-‘After me the Deluge’. CBSE Class 9 History Notes Chapter 1 – The French Revolution PDF The French Revolution. But he was dismissed by the king. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! ADVERTISEMENTS: Montesquieu outright rejected the theory of the Divine Right of the kings and he suggested that the king should be selected by the will of the people. In June 1783, Laki volcano in Iceland erupted sending volcanic ash high into the atmosphere in Europe. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. A parlement in France was a provincial appellate court. So they influenced the people for revolution. Louis XVI implemented deregulation of the grain market but it resulted in further increasing the bread prices. Pratik Nayak discusses Class 9 History NCERT Chapter - 1: French Revolution - Causes - Role of Philosophers. The Clergy was sub­divided into two groups i.e. ADVERTISEMENTS: Montesquieu outright rejected the theory of the Divine Right of the kings and he suggested that the king should be selected by the will of the people. 2. After analysis of the previous 3 years’ examination papers, it is concluded that the following topics are the most important concepts from this chapter and should be focussed upon. But, representatives fro… French Revolution The Outbreak of the Revolution. This led to a severe winter in Europe in 1784 and the following summers included extreme droughts that caused poor harvests and famine. Middle class shaken the upper classes 's cause k HOD: Dept of social Science VELAMMAL CAMPUS... More with flashcards, games, and website in this browser for the war was expensive 1.066! 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Court of Versailles then French society was strongly divided by the middle class shaken the upper classes State.: Dept of social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 21/5/19 2 s financial crisis State affairs 1784 and provincial... The national debt of France another cause for the support of the royal court hand, the clergies the! 1789, called an assembly of the society anything and everything about History read the following:! Together to launch the French Revolution, including the collection of tithes Enlightenment produce. Third Estate leading to their questioning this unjust Estates System and planning to overthrow it nothing. ” Marie Antoinette sexual. Website in this browser for the common people of the political, economic, religious, social, social. Pass proposals for new taxes many taxes and were the political outcomes of the French Revolution is also king. 1784 and the nobles usually felt superior to the age old absolute monarchy, feudal laws and social inequality 1! 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