The Rhineland (in which Mainz is located) was to be a demilitarized zone until 1935 and the French garrison, representing the Triple Entente, was to stay until reparations were paid. The Jewish community of Mainz, or Magenza, is one of the oldest in the German-speaking world, dating back to the 10th century. Mainz is also the legendary home of the martyred Rabbi Amnon of Mainz, composer of the Unetanneh Tokef prayer. This local council decides on important issues affecting the local area, however, the final decision on new policies is made by the Mainz's municipal council. See more ideas about mainz germany, germany, mainz. Mainz, the current capital of the Rhine-Palatinate state in Germany, has a rich and storied history that includes the birth of the movable-type printing press. Inside Mainz: History - Before you visit Mainz, visit Tripadvisor for the latest info and advice, written for travellers by travellers. The station is an interchange point for the Mainz tramway network, and an important bus junction for the city and region (RNN, ORN and MVG). However, after several defeats in Europe during the next years, the weakened Napoléon and his troops had to leave Mainz in May 1814.[16]. FSV Mainz 05 have played in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system, for ten consecutive years, starting with the 2009–10 season. The former districts Amöneburg, Kastel, and Kostheim — (in short, AKK) are now administrated by the city of Wiesbaden (on the north bank of the river). Hertha Berlin vs Mainz History. The City Plan of 1958 by Ernst May allowed a regulated reconstruction for the first time. Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) -- History -- Siege, 1793; Filed under: Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) -- History -- Early works to 1800. The city was bombed during WWII but has managed to maintain its old town, with half-timbered houses and medieval market squares. Fußball- und Sportverein Mainz 05 e. V., usually shortened to 1.FSV Mainz 05, Mainz 05 [ˌmaɪnts nʊlˈfʏnf] or simply Mainz, is a German sports club, founded in 1905 and based in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate.1. The main station was built from 1882 to 1884 according to the plans of Philipp Johann Berdellé. Attila went through Alsace in 451, devastating the country and destroying Mainz and Trier with their Roman garrisons. They also moved up the Rhine and created a domain in the region of the former Germania Superior with capital at Cologne. Mainz is the capital and largest city. Welcome to Mainz. Quick View. 1644 - City occupied by French forces during the Thirty Years' War. It came to the Battle of Mainz in 1795 between Austria and France. While cities such as Frankfurt had been rebuilt fast by a central authority, only individual efforts were initially successful in rebuilding Mainz. SCHOTT Mainz is the headquarters of the SCHOTT AG. His successor Dagobert I reinforced the walls of Mainz and made it one of his seats. Mainz lay within the French-controlled sector of Germany and it was a French architect and town-planner, Marcel Lods, who produced a Le Corbusier-style plan of an ideal architecture. Rhineland-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz, pronounced [ˈʁaɪ̯nlant ˈp͡falt͡s]) is a western state of Germany.It covers 19,846 km 2 (7,663 sq mi) and has about 4.05 million residents. In the all-time list of the USC, there are nine athletes who have achieved more than 8,000 points – at the head of Siegfried Wentz (8762 points in 1983) and Guido Kratschmer (1980 world record with 8667 points). One of fun things the do in Maine. Mainz is a German city on the banks of the Rhine River, just a 40-minute drive from the vibrant metropolis of Frankfurt. Mainz is home to the headquarters of the Bundeswehr's Landeskommando Rhineland-Palatinate and other units. Since 2008, the city is also member of the Great Wine Capitals Global Network (GWC), an association of well-known wineculture-cities of the world. Approximately 150 people were killed and at least 500 injured; 57 buildings were destroyed and a similar number severely damaged in what was to be known as the Powder Tower Explosion or Powder Explosion. FSV Mainz 05 and managed to lead the Under-19s to victory in the German Championship, led 1. On 17 February 1800, the French Département du Mont-Tonnerre was founded here, with Mainz as its capital, the Rhine being the new eastern frontier of la Grande Nation. Led by Georg Forster, representatives of the Mainz Republic in Paris requested political affiliation of the Mainz Republic with France, but too late: Prussia was not entirely happy with the idea of a democratic free state on German soil (although the French dominated Mainz was neither free nor democratic). They hoisted the swastika on all public buildings and began to denounce the Jewish population in the newspapers. Mainz: City of Gutenberg and Germany's wine capital. The famous Blue Nun, one of the first branded wines, had been marketed by the family Sichel. It is situated at the heart of Mainz's Old Town, just opposite the cathedral. Initially, the Romans established a legionary base or castrum located on a strategic site opposite the mouth of the Main river. The city also has a rich cultural history, and is home to a number of internationally-renowned festivals, including the Mainz Carnival (Mainzer Fastnacht). Its French name, also sometimes used in English, is Mayence. In 1923 Mainz participated in the Rhineland separatist movement that proclaimed a republic in the Rhineland. Enjoy the best parts of Mainz by exploring the life and work of Johannes Gutenberg, or finding out how the Romans lived here. Church. A culture and history going back 2000 years and a great joy for life make Mainz a city well worth a visit. Until 1945, the districts of Bischofsheim (now an independent town), Ginsheim-Gustavsburg (which together are an independent town) belonged to Mainz. Aëtius was not to enjoy the victory long. Mainz has a number of different names in other languages and dialects. Below we have a list of things to do in Mainz and the places where you want to spend the best moments of your trip. We have collected some of the best resources from across the web to do research on Of Mainz history, Of Mainz ancestory, and Of Mainz … Combining the old with the new, this destination has a historic centre with modern structures, monumental buildings, half-timbered houses and Baroque churches. • Monsieur de Blainville (1757), "Mayence", Travels through Holland, Germany, Switzerland, but especially Italy, 1, Translated by Turnbull, London: John Noon and Joseph Noon, OCLC 698845221 Mainz Tourism Mainz Hotels Mainz Bed and Breakfast Mainz Vacation Rentals Mainz Packages Flights to Mainz Mainz Restaurants Mainz Attractions Mainz Travel Forum German town and bishopric in Hesse [now Rhineland-Palatine -- Ed. It is noted for its religious education. Mainz was also a base of a Roman river fleet, the Classis Germanica. Looming over the Altstadt’s romantic warren of cobblestone streets is the huge Romanesque cathedral, burial place for centuries of ruling Prince Archbishops. Another airport, Frankfurt-Hahn Airport located about 50 miles (80 km) west of Mainz, is served by a few low-cost carriers.[33]. When the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate was founded on 30 August 1946 by the commander of the French army on the French occupation zone Marie Pierre Kœnig, Mainz became capital of the new state. The first ever Katholikentag, a festival-like gathering of German Catholics, was held in Mainz in 1848. Mogontiacum was an important military town throughout Roman times, probably due to its strategic position at the confluence of the Main and the Rhine. It was used in World War II. 1631 - City occupied by Swedish forces during the. Mainz Central Station or Mainz Hauptbahnhof, is frequented by 80,000 travelers and visitors each day and is therefore one of the busiest 21 stations in Germany. The town used Jacobsens activity for the Danish Novo erecting a new office and warehouse building to contact him. The city saw a feud between two archbishops in 1461, namely Diether von Isenburg, who was elected Archbishop by the cathedral chapter and supported by the citizens, and Adolf II von Nassau, who had been named archbishop for Mainz by the pope. In the summer 2011 the club opened its new stadium called Coface Arena, which was later renamed to Opel Arena. The city of Mainz responded to the Jewish population in a variety of ways, behaving, in a sense, in a bipolar fashion towards them. As related by Suetonius the existence of Mogontiacum is well established by four years later (the account of the death and funeral of Nero Claudius Drusus), though several other theories suggest the site may have been established earlier. As related by Suetonius the existence of Mogontiacum is well established by four years later (the account of the death and funeral of Nero Claudius Drusus), though several other theories suggest the site may have been established earlier. Each local district has a district administration of 13 members and a directly elected mayor, who is the chairman of the district administration. During the 1990s the Kisselberg between Gonsenheim and Bretzenheim, the "Fort Malakoff Center" at the site of the old police barracks, the renewal of the Main Station and the demolition of the first post-war shopping center at the Markt followed by the erection of a new historicising building at the same place. Johannes Gutenberg, credited with the invention of the modern printing press with movable type, was born here and died here. Start planning for Mainz Although the city is situated opposite the mouth of the Main, the name of Mainz is not from Main, the similarity being perhaps due to The city was also the site of the assassination of emperor Severus Alexander in 235. The army of Napoléon Bonaparte occupied the German territory to the west of the Rhine, and the Treaty of Campo Formio awarded France this entire area. Mainz is a major transport hub in southern Germany. Mainz became an important city in the 8th century AD as part of the Holy Roman Empire, capital of the Electorate of Mainz and seat of the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz, the Primate of Germany. Located on the Rhine River about 27 miles (37.4 km) WSW of Frankfurt, Germany, the river-port city was once an outpost of the Roman Empire. At last a day of reckoning arrived between Aëtius and Attila, both commanding polyglot, multi-ethnic troops. [10] The city was the provincial capital of Germania Superior, and had an important funeral monument dedicated to Drusus, to which people made pilgrimages for an annual festival from as far away as Lyon. The air raid caused most of the dead and made an already hard-hit city largely leveled.[20][21][22]. The Bishop of Mainz, Albert Stohr, formed an organization to help Jews escape from Germany. Gutenberg-Express: A short ride in a toy-like bus. [32], Mainz is served by Frankfurt Airport, the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany by far, the third busiest in Europe and the ninth busiest worldwide in 2009. Although you rarely hear about it, it’s actually full of history! Near the site of the modern Mainz there existed some centuries before the Christian era a Celtic settlement. Great news from Germany: or, A true account of the discovery of a treacherous design to betray the city of Mentz to the French. The Rheinradweg (Rhine Cycle Route) is an international cycle route, running from the source to the mouth of the Rhine, traversing four countries at a distance of 1,300 km (810 mi). 185,487), capital of Rhineland-Palatinate, W Germany, a port on the E bank of the Rhine River opposite the mouth of the Main River. Located about 10 miles (16 kilometres) east of Mainz, it is connected to the city by an S-Bahn line. In the early Middle Ages, Mainz was a centre for the Christianisation of the German and Slavic peoples. Different structures were built there at different times. The Port of Mainz, now handling mainly containers, is a sizable industrial area to the north of the city, along the banks of the Rhine. [23][24][25] But the very first interest of the inhabitants was the restoration of housing areas. Mainz experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Its This article is about the city in Germany. It is the ninth largest and sixth most populous of the sixteen states. The Roman soldiers defending Gallia had adopted the Gallic god Mogons (Mogounus, Moguns, Mogonino), for the meaning of which etymology offers two basic options: "the great one", similar to Latin magnus, which was used in aggrandizing names such as Alexander magnus, "Alexander the Great" and Pompeius magnus, "Pompey the great", or the god of "might" personified as it appears in young servitors of any type whether of noble or ignoble birth.[8]. Eduard Kreyßig was the man who made this happen. Beginning in 1874, the city of Mainz assimilated the Gartenfeld, an idyllic area of meadows and fields along the banks of the Rhine to the north of the rampart. As a result of the 2008 invasion of Georgia by Russian troops, Mainz acted as a neutral venue for the Georgian Vs Republic of Ireland football game. It is bordered by the states of North Rhine–Westphalia to the north, Hessen to the east, Baden-Württemberg to the southeast, and Saarland to the southwest and by France, Luxembourg, and Belgium to the south and west. In 1905 the demolition of the entire circumvallation and the Rheingauwall was taken in hand, according to imperial order of Wilhelm II. Today's huge container port hub allowing trimodal transport is north of the town centre. Mainz is a city rich in history. In particular in the decathlon dominated USC athletes for decades: Already at the European Championships in Budapest in 1966 Mainz won three (Werner von Moltke, Jörg Mattheis and Horst Beyer) all decathlon medals. The old town of Mainz becomes the scene of a criminal case that you have to solve together as a team. [18] In 1962, the diarist, Friedrich Kellner, returned to spend his last years in Mainz. $296.01 per adult. In 1936, the Nazis remilitarized the Rhineland with great fanfare, the first move of Nazi Germany's meteoric expansion. Members of the Mainz Jacobin Club were mistreated or imprisoned and punished for treason. The first archbishop in Mainz, Boniface, was killed in 754 while trying to convert the Frisians to Christianity and is buried in Fulda. It collapsed in 1924. On 18 March 1793, the Jacobins of Mainz, with other German democrats from about 130 towns in the Rhenish Palatinate, proclaimed the 'Republic of Mainz'. Mainz-Kostheim (autumn 1944) Mainz-Neustadt (11/12 und 12/13 August 1942, 20 December 1943, autumn 1944, 1 February and 27 February 1945) Mainz-Weisenau (particularly 19 October 1944, 1 February and 27 February 1945) 1939 to 1941. In 1872 Mayor Carl Wallau and the council of Mainz persuaded the military government to sign a contract to expand the city. Many craftsmen were driven into exile, spreading the knowledge of the art of printing. Main is from Latin Menus, the name the Romans used for the river. Aug 18, 2020 - revisiting my roots. Besides Rome, the diocese of Mainz today is the only diocese in the world with an episcopal see that is called a Holy See (sancta sedes). This Ibis hotel is located in central Mainz, just 500 feet from the River Rhine and the Romisches Theater S-Bahn Station. In Latin it is known as Mogontiacum or Moguntiacum and, in the local West Middle German dialect, it is Määnz or Meenz. Nevertheless, the post-war reconstruction took place very slowly. Mainz is noted as the birthplace of Johannes Gutenberg, who invented the art of printing with movable type there about 1440. During World War II, more than 30 air raids destroyed about 80 percent of the city's center, including most of the historic buildings. During the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, Mainz was declared a neutral zone. Frankfurt am Main, city in western Germany that lies along the Main River about 19 miles upstream from its confluence with the Rhine River at Mainz. Donors' Association for the Promotion of Sciences and Humanities in Germany names Mainz "City of Science 2011" For more information on the history of Mainz, visit www.mainz.de. The city expansion more than doubled the urban area which allowed Mainz to participate in the industrial revolution which had previously avoided the city for decades. The east of the city is opposite where the Main falls into it. The … However, Mainz also has been blessed with the joys and comforts of modernization, giving way to fantastic shopping centers, tasty restaurants, and absolutely fascinating museums. It is a stop for the S-Bahn line S8 of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. Stained glass windows at St.Stephan's Church | © erge / Pixabay. St. Stephan's Church. [28], The players of USC's basketball section played from the season 1968/69 to the season 1974/75 in the National Basketball League (BBL) of the German Basketball Federation (DBB). https://www.thecrazytourist.com/15-best-things-mainz-germany Mainz is famous for its university, its Roman heritage, its status as a media hub and state capital, and its three most defining features: the Romanesque cathedral, the Gutenberg printing press and the Rhineland carnival. From here, the settlement spread and eventually became the … The Franks were an opponent that had risen to power and reputation among the Belgae of the lower Rhine during the 3rd century and repeatedly attempted to extend their influence upstream. Mainz Weather History for the Previous 24 Hours Show weather for: Previous 24 hours December 4, 2020 December 3, 2020 December 2, 2020 December 1, 2020 November 30, 2020 November 29, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 27, 2020 November 26, 2020 November 25, 2020 November 24, 2020 November 23, 2020 November 22, 2020 November 21, 2020 November 20, 2020 November 19, 2020 ]; formerly the seat of an archbishop and elector. Gutenberg-Platz, 55116 Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The city is the seat of Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (literally, "Second German Television", ZDF), one of two federal nationwide TV broadcasters. Johannes Gutenberg, in full Johann Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg, (born 14th century, Mainz [Germany]—died probably February 3, 1468, Mainz), German craftsman and inventor who originated a method of printing from movable type. Even after the failure of the model city plans it was the initiative of the French (founding of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, elevation of Mainz to the state capital of Rhineland-Palatinate, the early resumption of the Mainz carnival) driving the city in a positive development after the war. After the founding of the German Empire in 1871, Mainz no longer was as important a stronghold, because in the War of 1870/71 France had lost the territory of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany (which France had occupied bit by bit from 1630 to 1795), and this defined the new border between the two countries. Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January 1933 and his political opponents, especially those of the Social Democratic Party, were either incarcerated or murdered. The Athletics is one of the largest clubs in the Baseball-Bundesliga Süd in terms of membership, claiming to have hundreds of active players. History Until the suppression of the former archdiocese. Other cities are Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Koblenz, Trier, Kaiserslautern and Worms. The north of the city faces Wiesbaden, in Hesse, and the east the confluence of the Main. For centuries the inhabitants of the fortress of Mainz had suffered from a severe shortage of space which led to disease and other inconveniences. His father was a Suebian; his mother, a princess of the Visigoths. The club has played in the Baseball-Bundesliga for more than two decades, and has won the German Championship in 2007 and 2016. This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia and French Wikipedia. In 2007 the Mainz Athletics won the German Men's Championship in baseball. Today USAREUR only occupies McCulley Barracks in Wackernheim and the Mainz Sand Dunes for training area. He was assassinated in 454 by the hand of his employer, who in turn was stabbed to death by friends of Aëtius in 455. 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