5. Venezuela is mostly known for its huge quantities of oil, which has given it prestige and global importance. This body of water is about 200 km long and 120 km wide and connects to the Caribbean Sea. Venezuela’s culture has been molded by the Spanish colonialists that ruled the country for almost four centuries. Groups such as the Mariche, Caquetio, Auaké, the Timoto-cuicas, and others lived in Venezuela before the Spanish arrived. The country has a considerably high literacy rate with around 90% of the population being literate. Venezuela was a paradise for the … On the other hand, the republic since 1958 … Their flag is a national icon and is respected and admired. The joropo dance is also the national dance of the country. The society expects women to manage the household chores and children. Catholic Christians account for over 71% of Venezuela’s population. In 1992, present day leader Hugo Chavez attempted two military uprisings, which were quashed, yet somehow he was democratically elected again in 1998 and has remained in power ever since. Most Venezuelans come from a mixed Spanish and indigenous background, with nearly half said to be “Mestizos.” Around 40 percent of the population claim to be direct descendants of the Spanish, and their culture is evident through the food and the prevalence of bullfights. Venezuela: History and Culture. The Venezuelan cuisine also features delectable desserts like bienmesabe (a dessert made with honey, ground almonds, and egg yolk as basic ingredients), chocolate pudding, chocolate mousse, Brazo gitano (Spanish Swiss roll), etc. The country’s official name is the “Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela” since it was once part of a grand scheme of Latin America liberator Simon Bolivar, called “Gran Colombia.” Bolivar was a visionary whose dream was to create one powerful South American entity, after abdication from the Spanish Empire. It was originally dominated by religious motifs but later historical and heroic representations also became popular. Protestant or Evangelical: After the “Diet of Speyer* or Diet of Spires protest in 1529, there was no intention of proselytizing in Latin America, neither to the evangelizing mission. Part two of our collaboration with Groundings delves deeper into Venezuela's African history and food sovereignty struggles. Groups which were formerly nomadic began to develop into larger cultures in Venezuela, cultures that belonged to three main linguistic families: Carib, Arawak and Chibcha. Then in 1498, Christopher Columbus became the first European to reach Venezuela. Venezuela art, and theater of Venezuela also form an inseparable parts of Venezuela Culture. Venezuela - Venezuela - The presidency of Nicolás Maduro: The death of Chávez elevated Vice Pres. Venezuela has a rich cultural heritage. Sep 5th 2018. It's considered rude to say no if you're offered a cup of joe because it's a symbol of hospitality. Up until 1960, more than a million people came to Venezuela from Europe, the Middle East and China. Football, basketball, and baseball are the most popular sports played in Venezuela. By Tim Lambert. Thanks to an oil bonanza, the government was able to spend more money (in absolute terms) from 1974 to 1979 than in its entire independent history. The national dance of Venezuela is the joropo, which is performed using local stringed instruments of African origin. The first Venezuelan republic was a short-lived rule forged in 1810 by Venezuela's Francisco de Miranda; Miranda surrendered to the Spaniards in 1812 and died in exile in 1816. Some typical snacks of the Venezuelan cuisine include the tequeño (fried breaded cheese stick), fried fish, empanada (a type of baked or fried filled pastry), and French fries. As such, they are likely to shower visitors with questions regarding their country of origin, as well as their reasons for coming to Venezuela. Prior to colonization, written literature was virtually absent in Venezuela. Spanish rule was administered from a distance, leaving the various regions to develop separately from the capital, Caracas. Chavez’s leftist ideals draw from the original ideas of Simon Bolivar, but generally he remains a popular leader amongst Venezuelans and most feel he has the right vision for the country. Even though almost half of the land area is south of the Orinoco River, only 5% of the population lives in that area. Women greet other women and men in this manner. They brought enslaved people from Africa with them to work in the plantations established in the country. It was not until a quarter of a century later that the Spanish Empire made a full claim to the territory. Venezuela’s culture has been molded by the Spanish colonialists that ruled the country for almost four centuries. Pointes de lance et outils lithiques de la culture El Jobo qui se dév… Venezuela Culture Facts And History History Essay. La musique du Venezuela est influencée par ses origines espagnoles, amérindiennes et africaines. Venezuelan society is patriarchal in nature where gender roles are clearly defined. Its society has been deeply shaped by Spanish colonisation, which introduced Roman Catholicism and the Spanish language. From the original Venezuelan natives to the Spanish and Africans who arrived after the Spanish conquest, the 17th century waves of immigration brought many Italians, Portuguese, Arabs, Germans, Moroccan Jews, and others from the bordering countries of South America. Venezuela had three brief republican configurations before 1829. The traditional dress of Venezuelan women is a long decorative skirt or dress. It houses a population of around 31,689,176 individuals. The South American country of Venezuela is located on the northern coast of the continent. When most people think of Venezuela however, most often what crosses their mind is it’s impressive soccer talent and the beautiful ladies, having produced a fair number of winners of the “Miss World’” pageant over the years. La culture du Venezuela, pays d'Amérique du Sud façade atlantique, désigne d'abord les pratiques culturelles observables de ses habitants (32 000 000, estimation 2017). A SHORT HISTORY OF VENEZUELA. Spanish is spoken by majority. Venezuela has a rich heritage of music and dance. Up … In general, the country proves to be a real melting pot. Indeed, during this time, this Gran Venezuela … Marriages in Venezuela are generally open-ended where there are few legal restrictions associated with such unions. By the 1980’s the country was suffering from economic crises leading to much civil unrest, including the Caracazo riots of 1989. Other European populations arrived during subsequent waves of immigration in the 17th century. Venezuela, like many Latin American countries, has a high percentage of urban poverty, a massive foreign debt, and widespread governmental patronage and corruption. Traditional clothing in Venezuela is influenced by French, Spanish, and Caribbean styles. The cuatro is the national musical instrument of the country. Venezuela may not have been home to formidable ancient cultures like some of its neighbours yet it has been inhabited, nevertheless, for more than 10,000 years before Europeans arrived. However, natural and historical sites, and Venezuela traditions may seem interesting and meaningful to those travelers who are not afraid to go to South America. It has aligned itself with OPEC, an intra-national organization concerned with oil production, bestowing upon it political leverage with members in the Arabian Gulf states. There are four separate public holidays that commemorate independence, during which time flags are flown outside private houses as well as public buildings and there are street parades. The beautiful country of Venezuela lies on the coastline of the Caribbean sea. Some of the most popular main dishes include the arepa (a dish prepared from ground maize dough or cooked flour), casabe (flatbread made of bitter cassava), Pastel de pollo (chicken pot pie), polenta (a boiled cornmeal dish), mandoca (a deep-fried ring of cornmeal consumed with cheese and butter), Ensalada de pollo (chicken salad served with carrots, mayo, and green salad), etc. As already mentioned, arepa is probably the most representative symbol of Venezuela. By the time of the Spanish conquest at the end of the 15th century, some 300,000 to 400,000 indigenous people inhabited the region that is now Venezuela.The warlike Carib tribes occupied the central and eastern coast of the country during this time, living off fishing and shifting agriculture. 1. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Venezuela's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. They lived in small groups and all of them practiced some degree of farming; the land, however, was bountiful enough so that this was not always a necessity. It originated in Maracaibo in the Zulia State. Today, the museums of the country preserve the precious Venezuelan artworks. However, women also participate in agricultural work in rural areas. The Spanish colonized it in 1522, and Venezuela was the first country to break free from the empire in 1811. 4. Baseball was introduced in the country in the early 20th century due to the cultural impact of the US oil companies operating in the country. Venezuela was first discovered by the Spanish during Christopher Columbus’ third voyage in 1498. However, native languages are prevalent in certain parts of the country. In the 1970s, Venezuela had the highest growth rate and lowest inequality in Latin America. Men often display their admiration at the beauty of women by uttering a piropo (small adulatory phrase). Before and during the Spanish conquest, the indigenous people had little influence on the development of the nation since they were scattered tribes with no political or social presence. Caracas was established as a stronghold to defend against Caribbean piracy as the Spanish exported their riches to Europe. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez wants to combat what he regards as American cultural dictatorship Inspired by the French Revolution, Venezuelans tried to claim independence in 1811 in an uprising which was sorely rejected. Venezuelans are well-known for their gregarious and outgoing nature. With the Spanish conquest of the region and the emergence of a unified Venezuela, national Venezuelan literature was born. The gaita is another indigenous style of music. History and Culture. Read on to know more about the turbulent history and the rich culture of this South American country. Commonly used vegetables are eggplants, spinach, tomatoes, zucchini, potatoes, and onions. The… Venezuelan athletes have also participated in several Olympics Games since 1948 and won some medals over the years. It was so plentiful that they could fish, hunt or gather and easily survive without farming the land. This cofradia, which has more than 300 years of history, is one of the cultural and tourist attractions of the town of Chuao, located on the central coast of the country. Most Venezuelans come from a mixed Spanish and indigenous background, with nearly half said to be “Mestizos.” Around 40 percent of the population claim to be direct descendants of the Spanish, and their culture is evident through the food and the prevalence of bullfights. The country has a distinct national brand of machismo. Venezuela's musical traditions also are constituted of a mixture of indigenous, European and African culture. Venezuela was subject to further immigration in the twentieth century, mostly from economic migrants due to the oil trade. The National Art Gallery and the Museum of Fine Arts in Caracas are examples of institutions that preserve Venezuelan art. A significant section of the country’s women participates in the beauty pageant industry where women are trained to compete in international beauty competitions. The cuisine of Venezuela is influenced by the cuisines of its indigenous inhabitants as well as West African and European cuisines. Unfortunately, this led to even more corrupt politics, a situation that still going on today. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish … Greetings usually involve two kisses, one on each cheek. By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. Men in the country wear the Liqui liqui which is basically a simple jacket worn with pants. What Type of Government Does Venezuela Have? They greet each other heartily. De nombreux artefacts furent trouvés sur les lieux. A special election to choose a president to serve out the remainder of Chávez’s six-year term was held on April 14 between Maduro, who Chávez had indicated was his preferred successor, and Capriles. 5 - Callao Carnival Recently inscribed in the list of traditions that are Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, the Callao Carnival is one of the most far-reaching manifestations in Venezuela. Led by these proud dictators, Venezuela entered a battle with Britain, Germany and Italy at the start of the century, but it was the discovery of oil deposits during WWI that really put them on the map. It was composed by Pedro Elías Gutiérrez and written by Coronado. 2. Basketball and soccer are also national pastimes. Simon Bolivar, who liberated much of South America from the Spanish colonialists, was born in Venezuela. Venezuela – before the arrival of the Spanish. 3. The main interest was focused only on the Reformation, which resulted that Protestantism could not take root in Latin America until the mid-nineteenth century with little success. Bolívar’s dream of creating a mega-territory, Gran Colombia, composed of Venezuela, Colombia an… Symbols of Venezuelan culture . De ce qu'on en sait, l'installation de l'homme sur le territoire du Venezuela daterait d'il y a environ 16 000 ans, résultat de la migration de populations du sud (Amazonie), de l'ouest (Andes) et du sud (Caraïbes). Related Read: 7+ Costa Rica Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More. Venezuela was subject to further immigration in the twentieth century, mostly from economic migrants due to the oil trade. Venezuelan art has a long history. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Venezuela. Public expression of machismo is a common characteristic of the Venezuelan society. Women are taught to ignore such remarks and not to acknowledge them publicly. About 93% of Venezuelans live in urban areas in the northern part of the country. There are great regional variations in the country’s cuisine. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Venezuelan households are generally nuclear in nature. Early Venezuela. A friendly attitude and willingness to answer these questions is the best way to make a good first impression. Although power was held centrally in Venezuela mostly by a series of dictatorships, the reality was that the 19th century saw the country being dominated by regional militaristic strong men called “caudillos.” This situation continued into the 20th century, staging coups to seize power. The current Venezuelan nation as such appeared in 1829. Due to a lack of strong leadership from the empire that had controlled the country for nearly three hundred years, plus the breakdown of “Gran Colombia’” Venezuela was left in a state of political turmoil for the remainder of the 19th century. It was not until 1821 that sovereignty was attained thanks to the visionary Simon Bolivar, who came from neighboring Colombia in 1830. Mar 3rd 2019 The Politics of Food and Blackness in Venezuela . If you don't have an account yet, make one here. Venezuelan art has a long history. White blouses, usually worn off one or both shoulders, compliments the colorful skirts worn by them. It was originally dominated by religious motifs but later historical and heroic representations also became popular. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela becomesdestination among Russian tourists is not too often. Culture. These indigenous groups survived on the land by using it’s natural resources. Today, the museums of the country preserve the precious Venezuelan artworks. The Venezuelan natives, Spanish, Africans, Italians, Portuguese, Arabs, Moroccan Jews, and others comprise the population of Venezuela. A further influence on the population has been African workers, which is seen in today’s musical instruments. Free and compulsory education is provided to all. The reason for this, and long-haul flight, and not too cheap. Although Venezuelan law provides equal rights and freedoms to both men and women, in practice, men enjoy a higher status in society than women. VENEZUELA History and Culture . Venezuelans are very fond of North American culture. The popular barrio of San Agustín held a festival to honour its musical roots. They put in its place an interim junta, with the promise of elections to follow. They were met with resistance from indigenous tribes, with the last major battle occurring inland on the Orinoco River in 1776, but still succeeding. … He arrived near the Orinoco Delta, and landed in the Gulf of Paria. For centuries the indigenous peoples of Venezuela lived by farming but also by hunting and fishing. Today, such clothing is generally worn during special celebrations while modern Western-style clothing is worn as everyday wear. Traditionally, Venezuelan families were extended but today, extended kin usually live close by but not in the same household. In ancient times, Venezuela was paradise for the Indians who lived on its beaches, in its tropical forests, and on the gentle grassland of the llanos. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. The Spanish arrived in the country after the Spanish conquest. Sports are important, and baseball is the country’s favorite activity. It represents the Joropo style of music. 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